This searchable database contains bibliographic information for literature (research-based and policy/practice) relating to dispute resolution in special education.

CADRE is interested in identifying additional articles and publications to include in this database. If you are aware of other such resources, please send an email to with as much information as possible about the resource (e.g., title, author, source, date), and include a copy of the publication or a URL link, if available.  Interested in emerging research and knowledge gaps in IDEA dispute resolution?

An Examination of Special Education Due Process Hearings

[Abstract] Due process is a key dispute resolution feature approved by Congress in accordance with the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, whose goal is to facilitate resolution and minimize conflict. Nonetheless, despite 35 years of use, due process has become a difficult emotional and...Learn more

An experiment in the mediation of grievances

This article presents the results of an experiment conducted by the U.S. Labor Department which examined the merits of grievance mediation relative to arbitration in the coal mining industry. The authors discuss the rationale for conducting the test; resolution of grievances that were submitted to...Learn more

An Exploration of the Dynamics and Collaboration within IEP Teams

[abstract] The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) (2004) mandates the establishment of an educational team that convenes once a year if not more to review and adjust each exceptional student’s Individualized Education Program (IEP). There are a variety of social and...Learn more

Analysis of Comments and Changes

Readers who would like to understand the logic behind the regulations are encouraged to read the Analysis of Comments and Changes (Attachment 1) included with the Regulations published in the Federal Register, March 12, 1999. The complete entry from Attachment 1 regarding the regulations under 34...Learn more

Analysis of Special Education Mediations in Texas, 2006-08

The purpose of this study was to explore variables which might influence the frequency of Texas special education mediations used for dispute resolution. Variables such as district size, location, economic level, and the State Accountability Rating were investigated and evaluated. In order to...Learn more

Are published IDEA hearing officer decisions representative?

The authors of this study examined published hearing officer decisions under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act to determine whether they were representative of the frequency and outcomes for the larger group consisting of published decisions and the much greater number of unpublished...Learn more

Assuring the Family's Role on the Early Intervention Team

This paper, produced and distributed by the National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center (NECTAC), is a synthesis of practices and ideas for explaining procedural safeguards to families, which assure that families are fully informed in ways that support their role in the early intervention...Learn more