Main Library

This library contains CADRE resources as well as State, Lead Agency and Parent Center resources. Please note that CADRE makes no endorsement of the State, Lead Agency and Parent Center resources included here, nor of any policies, procedures, processes, or documents specific to any item.

This presentation will focus on strategies to create a culturally responsive school climate that will efficiently and effectively resolve special education disputes. Special attention will be paid to the possible contributory factors of inter-cultural conflicts that may occur during the IEP process and during the course of mediation. Cultural proficiency continuum will be explored and analyzed for best practices. Practical strategies will be identified and discussed using a sampling of case studies to facilitate IEP meetings, mediations as well as resolve cultural conflicts that might evolve...

Respectful relationships and clarity of communication are the foundational building blocks to functioning and forward thinking as a team. Teams often come to an impasse when there is a breakdown in communication or they get stuck in a stance. Everyone has an opinion and emotion behind a proposal. The best decisions are made when they are child-centered, evidence-based, and data-driven. Mistakes will be made, and the key to resolution and failing forward is the ability to have a discussion where people are heard and valued. This presentation will: teach techniques to re-frame conflict as...

Parents often come to the facilitated IEP meeting or to a special education mediation at a distinct disadvantage or power imbalance. They frequently 'know' what they know from listening to other parents, service coordinators, or private service providers. Those third parties may have no more accurate information or successful strategies than the parent. It is similar to being asked to play a game not knowing the rules, how to prepare, the strategies, or even how the outcome will be determined. This presentation will provide a framework by which parents may play the game. The framework can be...

The presentation will be a synopsis of the following research and a discussion of how to effectively apply the results to the creation of an IEP training program for teachers. Parent participation in Individualized Education Program (IEP) meetings is a requirement of the IDEA. While the goal of this stipulation is that parents are meaningfully involved in their children’s educational planning, the reality has often been quite different. The current study aims to discover if teachers can speak to parents in a way that encourages them to participate more actively. Furthermore, in what ways can...

This presentation will give attention to recent research findings from FINE (Harvard)Center for Social Organization of Schools and CADRE, as well as the Joyce Epstein Model of Parent Involvement. Legal mandates for parent involvement will be reviewed. The Parent Mentors will speak on the topic of successful family-school partnership including barriers and benefits to partnerships. The parent perspective of coming to the table with educators will be presented, including cultural issues of Hispanic families. The process of empowering parents and strategies to increase and improve family...

Presenter: Michael Opuda , Special Education Consultant, Drummond, Woodsum & MacMahon , Portland, ME Special education has been described as a “wait to fail” model for educational intervention. Similarly, special education mediation can be described as a “wait for crisis” model of dispute resolution. A challenge for schools is to prevent legitimate education concerns from escalating into legalistic disputes. This presentation will identify indicators of dispute escalation and offer solutions to prevent and de-escalate the conflict.

Special education has been described as a “wait to fail” model for educational intervention. Similarly, special education mediation can be described as a “wait for crisis” model of dispute resolution. A challenge for schools is to prevent legitimate education concerns from escalating into legalistic disputes. This presentation will identify indicators of dispute escalation and offer solutions to prevent and de-escalate the conflict.

This presentation will discuss the relative merits of the IDEA's current due process structure and some proposals to reform the structure.This presentation will focus on both mandated and voluntary dispute resolution mechanisms. Particular areas to highlight are (a) the use of IEP facilitation as an "upstream" dispute resolution mechanism; (b) the efficacy of the mandated resolution session as an early dispute resolution mechanism; (c) the relative merits of a one-tier v. two-tier due process structures; and (d) proposals to add new dispute resolution mechanisms such as voluntary, binding...

This session will include overviews of powerful, forward-looking dispute-resolution initiatives and partnerships unfolding in Pennsylvania, including a new Parent Engagement Project, collaboration with the community-based HUNE (Hispanos Unidos para Niños Excepcionales), hearing officer settlement conferences, and “virtual hearings”—the use of videoconference technology in conducting due process hearings. As a state with a high volume of complaints, Pennsylvania continually seeks ways to promote engagement and efficiency in dispute resolution. Each initiative/partnership has presented unique...

This presentation will explore the applicability of special education mediation to the Manifestation Determination Review (MDR) process. A Manifestation Determination Review occurs when a student with a disability is suspended in order to determine whether the student’s disability, or the failure of the school district to provide the services required by the student’s IEP or 504 plan, was the direct cause of the actions for which the student was suspended. Under the IDEA and state laws, a student with an IEP or a 504 plan who is removed from her current educational program for more than ten...

Due process hearings are financially and emotionally straining, yet very few studies have investigated previous hearings for the use of proactive planning. This session will present a descriptive analysis of 575 hearings from 41 States during the 2005-2006 year. Participants will explore trends with petitioner, disability, dispute, and outcome data. Following this discussion, data from a qualitative study about facilitated IEPs will also be described and discussed as an alternative to due process hearings. Participants will walk away with a good understanding of the special education climate...

Presenters: Brenda Brown , Special Ed Parent, Washington, DC Kelly Evans , Executive Director, State Enforcement and Investigations, DCPS Hearing Office, Washington, DC Sheldon Krantz , Piper Rudnick LLP, Washington, DC Marshall Peter , Director, CADRE, Eugene, OR Deborah Spitz , DC Appleseed Center for Law & Justice, Washington, DC Joseph Tulman , Professor of Law, U.D.C. David A. Clarke School of Law, Washington, DC Ellen Wayne , Assistant Professor, University of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD District of Columbia Public Schools have exceptionally high use of due process hearings when...

District of Columbia Public Schools have exceptionally high use of due process hearings when compared to other education agencies in the nation. Recognizing the resultant enormous costs and administrative challenges, a number of private individuals and entities conducted an extensive analysis of the underlying issues and developed an action plan to begin to shift conflict resolution to less adversarial processes. This session will trace the evolution of this effort and identify future directions.

When we understand what is happening in the brain during conflict, and how empathy helps to regulate both parties within a conflict, we can see the blocks to mutual understanding with more clarity. This helps us to strategize early conflict management with an eye to our ultimate goal: an outcome with maximum response to the needs of both child and education provider. In this session we will explore a more precise understanding of empathy and begin to see where it occurs in the negotiation process. We will experience the empathy approach provided by Nonviolent Communication, and investigate...

A brief review of highlights and low lights of legal decisions in 2011 (and a few earlier). Topics include the U.S. Supreme Court decisions, IEPs, RTI, Placements, Bullying, Settlement Offers and more.

Preliminary findings and analysis will be shared from a qualitative case study researching special education directors’ experiences when responding to impartial due process hearing requests that are settled before proceeding to a hearing. This study is significant because it examines a point in the conflict resolution process that has largely not been studied by other researchers and it examines the process from the perspective of the school administrator responsible for responding to the request.

Presenter: Perry Zirkel , University Professor of Education and Law, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA This session will provide a synthesis of recent research focused on the trends in published hearing/review officer and judicial decisions under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The primary variables will be volume (i.e., how many such decisions) and outcomes (i.e., who won) in each successive time period. The discussion will include limitations in the research, recommendations for future studies, and implications for improved dispute resolution.

This session will provide a synthesis of recent research focused on the trends in published hearing/review officer and judicial decisions under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The primary variables will be volume (i.e., how many such decisions) and outcomes (i.e., who won) in each successive time period. The discussion will include limitations in the research, recommendations for future studies, and implications for improved dispute resolution.

Objectives: Participants will receive: an update on resolution meeting requirements under IDEA; information and materials on procedures, forms and data collection practices for tracking and managing resolution meetings in AZ and IL; an update on trends in national resolution meeting and agreement trends; reports on Arizona and Illinois “drill downs” into due process complaint resolutions outcomes; an opportunity to participate in an issues discussion with presenters and other participants.

Since the last CADRE Oregon Symposium, Massachusetts has attempted to expand resolution options. At the time of the last Symposium the state offered either formal Mediation or full-blown Appeals Hearings. This presentation will review MA history from the CORE Evaluation process (1972) to the current range of resolution options. Issues impacting district use of the less formal options will be shared as well as current data on use and outcomes. In addition to the power-point, handouts will include samples of training materials used with parents and school district personnel. Emerging and often...

Pages