This searchable database contains bibliographic information for literature (research-based and policy/practice) relating to dispute resolution in special education.

CADRE is interested in identifying additional articles and publications to include in this database. If you are aware of other such resources, please send an email to with as much information as possible about the resource (e.g., title, author, source, date), and include a copy of the publication or a URL link, if available.

Claims, barriers, and satisfaction.

This article explores the issue of requests for additional special education services. In their study, the authors identified which parents of children who receive special education services make claims for additional related services; the barriers these parents report facing in obtaining such...Learn more

Evaluation of Family Empowerment Centers.

This report synthesizes the quantitative and qualitative evaluation data related to Family Empowerment Centers (FEC) in California. Data was obtained from surveys of parents and professionals, parent focus groups, and interviews with FEC center directors, center personnel, and other professionals...Learn more

Family perceptions of student centered planning and IEP meetings.

Given the documented benefits of family involvement in educational planning, engaging families throughout the school years is strongly advocated. However, barriers continue to impede families from collaborative partnering in educational planning. In this qualitative study the perceptions of six...Learn more

Optional IDEA alternative dispute resolution.

This In-Depth Policy Analysis is the result of findings based on a survey sent to all special education units of state education agencies. The survey requested information about the use of 10 alternative dispute resolution processes not specifically required under IDEA, the extent of their use, and...Learn more

Parents' Perceptions of Engagement During IEP Meetings

[Abstract] "Parents of special education students may take a passive role at individual education planning (IEP) meetings. This passivity often results in poor planning and reduced student performance at school. Understanding parent experiences during IEP meetings for children could help...Learn more