Main Library

This library contains CADRE resources as well as State, Lead Agency and Parent Center resources. Please note that CADRE makes no endorsement of the State, Lead Agency and Parent Center resources included here, nor of any policies, procedures, processes, or documents specific to any item.

This briefing paper describes some of the causes of special education conflict and then explores the range of conflict management approaches being pioneered by state education agencies and school districts. The focus of this paper and the underlying research is on innovative work that is being done related to disagreements regarding those children and youth (3 years and older) served under Part B of IDEA. This document was published in October 2002.
CADRE’s Exemplar Initiative: Identifying, Profiling and Showcasing Resources from High-Performing State Special Education and Early Intervention Dispute Resolution Systems State System Profiles Between Fall 2008 and Summer 2010, CADRE undertook a process to identify state special education and early intervention dispute resolution systems that are particularly effective and to characterize those systems and their components in ways that would be useful to other states that are considering improvement activities. Four state systems - Iowa, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin - were identified...

This article reviews several exciting and challenging possibilities for improving collaboration and conflict resolution skills. It focuses on "what works" in conflict resolution between parents and educators. The concepts presented may be useful to parents and educators in direct collaboration, or in mediation...
Historically, mediation has not been an effective venue for dispute resolution for Deaf people because of linguistic inaccessibility and cultural non-recognition. Like other linguistic minority groups who experience and resolve conflict in a manner consistent with their social and communicative norms Deaf people have some unique perspectives. The following article illuminates some of these perspectives and explains how mediators can address these differences when working with Deaf people, in order to make mediation a more linguistically and culturally respectful and responsive endeavor. A...
This document was updated in 2019. This pamphlet describes, from an administrators perspective, the benefits of participating in mediation as a means to solve special education disputes between parents and educators. It dispels common concerns and also provides helpful tips to those considering mediation as a dispute resolution option. This document was originally published in September 2001, and was updated in 2019. Interested in IEP Facilitation? Check out CADRE's Considering IEP Facilitation: A School Administrator's Perspective .
This document was published in 1999. More information on IDEA 2004 . From CADRE The Center for Appropriate Dispute Resolution in Special Education Helping Parents and Educators Create Solutions that Improve Results for Students with Disabilities

DC - Ombuds Annual Report (2017)

DC - Ombudsman Quarter 1 and 2 Report School Year 2017-18

DE - 20 Questions You Should Answer Before Creating an IEP Facilitation System

DE-8 20QuestionsYouShouldAnswerBeforeCreatingFIEPSystem.pdf

Introduction The introduction to this sourcebook stresses the need for schools, communities, and families to work together to educate children to be productive and caring 21 st century citizens. American families are described as more diverse than ever before, spanning cultures, languages, levels of education, and socioeconomic and demographic differences. Family involvement is defined in an expansive way to include and recognize the value of a broad spectrum of activities that involve family members and/or guardians helping children to learn, both at home and at school. Barriers that limit...
An educational advocate, also known as a parent advocate, child advocate, student advocate, or independent advocate, assists parents of students with disabilities in navigating the complex world of special education. For a fee, professional advocates provide information, guidance and support throughout the IEP process to encourage decisions that meet the needs of the student. This guide, developed by CADRE, will assist parents in: Asking interview questions that will help get an understanding of an advocate’s approach to providing support Connecting with parent centers in their state...
Engaging Parents in Productive Partnerships is an easy-to-read presentation of suggestions on how educators and service providers can effectively collaborate with parents including specific recommendations for IEP meetings. Tell us what you think of the document, please click here to take a short survey. (link is external) To order copies of this publication, please fill out this order form.
CADRE has profiled four exemplary state special education dispute resolution systems: Iowa, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. Each of the state's profiles is available individually and all four profiles are included in a single combined document. In all four of these states, the Early Intervention (Part C) dispute resolution system is managed by the same entity that manages the Part B system. Oklahoma has adopted Part B timelines for their Part C system. These profiles present an overview of each state's system, focusing on some common aspects of state system performance and emphasizing...
This document was published in July 2002. More information on IDEA 2004.
Esta publicación ha sido desarrollada por el Consorcio para la Resolución Apropiada de Disputas en la Educación Especial (CADRE) para responder a las preguntas que tantos padres, profesores, administradores y otras muchas personas tienen acerca de la mediación.

These conflict management guidelines are designed to help district staff and parents effectively address conflict in special education. The creation of this document was part of a Portland Public Schools Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) local capacity grant funded by the Oregon Department of Education (ODE).

HI - 2009-10 SEAC Due Process Report

IA - Academic Journal Article on System Design

ID - Special Education Newsletters

Following OSEP’s release of a Q&A on IDEA Part B Dispute Resolution in July 2013, CADRE was asked to create a set of companion resources for parents and families. In response, CADRE developed five parent guides and a process comparison chart with the support of parent leaders from across the country. You can access these parent guides by clicking on each process below or in the side navigation. Most of the guides are available in the following languages: English, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese (Simplified), Hmong, Korean, Russian, Vietnamese, Burmese, Portuguese, Japanese, and Somali. In...
A resource packet designed to guide implementation of the mediation regulations under IDEA ‘97. Included are a self-assessment and checklist for state departments of education, a memo from OSEP Director Kenneth Warlick, and a question and answer document on the mediation requirements under Part B of the IDEA. This document was published in January 2001.
This publication was developed to better understand issues related to when parents or caregivers are having difficulty working together, especially during IEP team meetings. The document includes both preventative and responsive strategies and approaches from a variety of sources, including research on the effects of parenting a child with a disability on parent and family relationships, literature on conflict resolution practices, and data collected through surveys and interviews. Children’s best interests are served when all members of the IEP team cooperate to design the IEP. Properly...
This article describes a literature search process employed to identify research in ADR and special education, organizes some initial search results, briefly summarizes them, and raises important questions for the purpose of generating a future research agenda. Tell us what you think of the document, please click here to take a short survey.